A Summary of Employment and Unemployment Survey 2012

                          A Summary of Report on Second Annual 
                          Employment & Unemployment Survey 
                                                     (2011-12)
                          Labour Bureau, Governemnt of India,
                                                    Chandigarh
________________________________________________________

The latest report on Second Annual Employment & Unemployment Survey for the year 2011-12 was released by the Chandigarh-based Labour Bureau under the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment on 10th July 2012.

According to the survey, India’s official unemployment rate is 3.8% during the last fiscal, with urban unemployment at 5.1% and rural at 3.5%. Unemployment is higher among women than among men; 6.7% for women as against 2.8% for men. At the aggregate level, unemployment among SCs is 3.2%, for STs it is 2.7% and for OBCs it is 3.2% as compared to 5.4% for “others”. As per report’s data, Gujarat has lowest unemployment rate among all states in India (barring Daman and Diu which is Union territory), while Goa has the highest rate of unemployment. Daman and Diu and Gujarat had unemployment rates of 0.6% and 1% respectively.

A closer look at the figures shows that unemployment rises with education level to 10% among graduates, and higher still for backward castes.
   A summary of the ‘Employment and Unemployment Survey 2012’ is given here:                     

•  The present report  is  based on Second Annual Employment-Unemployment survey conducted by  
    Labour Bureau. 
•  The survey has been conducted in all the States/UTs by covering all the districts.
•  The field work for the second survey was launched from July, 2011 in phases and by the first
    fortnight August, 2011  the field work  had started in most of the States/UTs.
•  The field work was completed in most of the States/UTs by the end of January, 2012.
•  A sample of 1,28,298 households has been covered, out of which 81,430 households are in the rural
   sector and the remaining 46,868 households in the urban sector.
•  From  the households covered,  6,29,753 members are surveyed out of which 4,03,271 members
   reside in rural households and rest 2,26,482 in the urban households.
•  The labour force estimates based on all the four approaches have been derived. The four approaches 
   are usual principal status (UPS) approach, usual principal and subsidiary status (UPSS) approach, 
   current weekly status (CWS) approach and current daily status (CDS) approach.
•  A fixed reference period of Agriculture Year 2010-11 i.e. July, 2010 to June, 2011 is used to derive
   the estimates based on usual status approach. For current weekly and current daily status 
   approach, the week comprising of  seven days preceding the date of the survey is taken as the 
   reference period.
•  As the field work was spread over 6-7 months period in most of the States/UTs, and since the CDS   and CWS estimates are based on the week preceding the date of survey, the seasonal variations   would not get captured in the CDS and CWS estimates.
•  All the labour force related tables are generated state-wise/gender-wise/sector-wise/social
   -group wise.  
•  The labour force estimates are derived for the persons of  age 15 years and above.
•  Based on the survey results, 50.8 per cent or majority of the households are found to be having
   self employment as the major source of income under agricultural and non-agricultural activities.

•  In the rural areas,  11.1 per cent  households are estimated to be having regular/wage salary 
   earning as major source of income.
•  In the urban areas, 42.3  per cent households are estimated to be having regular wage/salary 
   earnings as the major source of income followed by 34.4 per cent households under self 
   employment category.
•  The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) is estimated to be 52.9 per cent under the UPS 
   approach at All India level.
•  In the rural sector the LFPR is estimated to be 54.8 percent as compared to 47.2 per cent in
   the urban sector under the UPS approach.
•  Female LFPR is significantly lower as compared to male LFPR under the usual principal status 
   approach. At All India level, female LFPR is estimated to be 25.4 per cent as compared to 77.4
   per cent in male category.
Unemployment  rates based on all the four approaches
LFPR based on all the four approaches:
•  The Worker Population Ratio (WPR) is estimated to be 50.8 per cent at All India level under the
    UPS approach.
•  In rural areas, the WPR is estimated to be 52.9 percent under the UPS approach as compared
   to 44.9 in the urban areas.
•  The female WPR is estimated to be 23.6 per cent at All India level under the UPS approach
   as compared to the male WPR of 75.1 per cent.
•  The unemployment rate is estimated to be 3.8 per cent at All India level under the UPS approach.
•  In rural areas, unemployment rate is 3.4 percent whereas in urban areas, the same is 5.0 percent 
   under the UPS approach.
•  Despite relatively low LFPR, the unemployment rate is significantly higher among females
   as compared to males. At all India level, the female unemployment rate is estimated to be
   6.9 per  cent whereas for males, the unemployment rate is 2.9 per  cent under the UPS approach.
•  In urban areas,  the  female unemployment rate is estimated to be 12.5 per cent at All India level 
   under the UPS approach.
•  Majority of the employed persons are found to be self employed based on all the four approaches.
•  At all India level, 48.6 per cent persons are 
   estimated to be self employed under the usual
   principal status approach followed by 19.7 per
   cent persons  under wage/salary earners and 
   rest 31.7 per  cent  persons under casual 
   labourers category.
•  The employed persons are further classified on
    the basis of economic activity pursued by them.
    At the State/UT level results are presented 
    at Section level (Section A-Section U) of National
    Industrial Classification, 2008.
•  The survey results show that majority of the persons
   are employed  in  the primary sector. Under Agriculture, forestry and fishing sector, 52.9 per cent 
   persons are estimated to be employed at All India level based on usual principal status approach.
•  Under the  tertiary or services sector, 27.8 per cent persons are estimated to be employed at All 
   India level based on usual principal status approach.
•  Under the manufacturing and construction sector i.e. the secondary sector, 19.3 per cent persons 
   are estimated to be employed at All India level based on usual principal status approach.
____________________________________________________________________________________
      Source : Labour Bureau’s Report                                                                                                 Post created by- Naren 

About Naren
Full name - Narender Jangra      Location - India    Qualification - MCA

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s