UPSC Civil Services Pre Exam 2012 – General Studies Paper [Part-2]

  UPSC Civil Services Recruitment Exam 2012
Preliminary Exam for IAS/IFS/IPS and Other Group A&B Posts   Solved Paper of General Studies [Part-2] held on 20th May 2012
(correct answers are highighted in deep saffron color)
36. Recently, there has been a concern over the short supply of a group of elements called ‘rare
      earth metals’. Why?
     1. China, which is the largest producer of these elements, has imposed some restrictions on
         their export.
     2. Other than China, Australia, Canada and Chile, these elements are not found in any country.
     3. Rare earth metals are essential for the manufacture of various kinds of electronic items and 
         there is a growing demand for these elements.

     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
     a) 1 only
     b) 2 and 3 only
     c) 1 and 3 only
     d) 1, 2 and 3

37. Consider the following areas:
      1. Bandipur 
      2. Bhitarkanika
      3. Manas 
      4. Sunderbans 

      Which of the above are Tiger Reserves?
      a) 1 and 2 only
      b) 1, 3 and 4 only
      c) 2, 3 and 4 only 
      d) l, 2, 3 and 4

         UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bhitarkanika is a Hot-spot of Biodiversity. It is located in the Kendrapara District
         of Orissa in Eastern India. It is home to largest population of giant salt water crocodile in India. It is the second
         largest viable mangrove ecosystem in India after Sundabans. It is surrounded by the rivers Baitarani, Brahmani
         and Dhamara.

38. Consider the following statements :
      1. The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India.
      2. The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west.

      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 only
      b) 2 only
      c) Both 1 and 2
      d) Neither 1 nor 2

39. Which one of the following is the characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region?
      a) Rainfall throughout the year
      b) Rainfall in winter only
      c) An extremely short dry season
      d)
A definite dry and wet season
40. In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not
      allowed to collect and use the biomass?
      a) Biosphere Reserves
      b)
National Parks
      c) Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention
      d) Wildlife Sanctuaries
41. Consider the following kinds of organisms :
      1. Bat
      2. Bee
      3. Bird

      Which of the above is/are pollinating agent/agents?
      a) 1 and 2 only
      b) 2 only
      c) 1 and 3 only
      d) 1, 2 and 3
                               
                                       

42. Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species?
      a)
Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass
      b) Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull and Great Indian Bustard
      c) Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey and Saras (Crane)
      d) Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur and Cheetal
43. Consider the following statements :
      If there were no phenomenon of capillarity
      1. it would be difficult to use a kerosene lamp
      2. one would not be able to use a straw to consume a soft drink
      3. the blotting paper would fail to function
      4. the big trees that we see around would not have grown on the Earth

      Which of the statements given above are correct?
      a) 1, 2 and 3 only
      b) 1, 3 and 4 only
      c) 2 and 4 only
      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

              In drinking soda or water through a straw, we make use of Atmospheric pressure which pushes the
              water up through the straw when you lower the pressure on the upper end of that straw. To move 
              water higher, you must apply pressure at the bottom of the straw to increase the force pushing the 
              water up the straw.

44.  The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment describes the following major categories of ecosystem
       services-provisioning, supporting, regulating, preserving and cultural. Which one of the following
       is supporting service?
       a) Production of food and water
       b) Control of climate and disease
       c)
Nutrient cycling and crop pollination
       d) Maintenance of diversity
        
            a               – provisioning services
            b and d     – regulating services
            c               – supporting services which maintain the conditions for life on Earth.
45.  What is the difference between the antelopes Oryx and Chiru?
       a)
Oryx is adapted to live in hot and arid areas whereas Chiru is adapted to live in
           steppes and semi-desert areas of cold high mountains
       b) Oryx is poached for its antlers whereas Chiru is poached for its musk
       c) Oryx exists in western India only whereas Chiru exists in north-east India only
       d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct
46.  Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area?
       1. Global warming
       2. Fragmentation of habitat
       3. Invasion of alien species
       4. Promotion of vegetarianism

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1, 2 and 3 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

               Promotion of vegetarianism will improve biodiversity of a geographical area instead of threatening it.

47.  Consider the following :
       1. Black-necked crane
       2. Cheetah
       3. Flying squirrel
       4. Snow leopard

       Which of the above are naturally found in India?
       a) 1, 2 and 3 only
       b) 1, 3 and 4 only
       c) 2 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

           Today, the cheetah is found only in the arid regions of eastern Iran in Asia, and in Africa.
               The cheetah was declared extinct in India in 1952. It is the only large mammal to have been
               declared extinct in our country in recorded history.

48.  Consider the following agricultural practices :
      1. Contour bunding
      2. Relay cropping
      3. Zero tillage

      In the context of global climate change, which of the above helps/help in carbon 
      sequestration/storage in the soil?
      a) 1 and 2 only
      b) 3 only
      c) 1, 2 and 3
      d) None of them

49.  What would happen if phytoplankton of an ocean is completely destroyed for some reason?
       1. The ocean as a carbon sink would be adversely affected.
       2. The food chains in the ocean would be adversely affected.
       3. The density of ocean water would drastically decrease.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 only
       c) 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

50.  Vultures which used to be very common in Indian countryside some years ago are rarely seen
       nowadays. This is attributed to
       a) the destruction of their nesting sites by new invasive species
       b)
a drug used by cattle owners for treating their diseased cattle
       c) scarcity of food available to them
       d) a widespread, persistent and fatal disease among them
51.  In the areas covered under the Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996,
       what is the role/power of Gram Sabha?
      1. Gram Sabha has the power to prevent alienation of land in the Scheduled Areas.
      2. Gram Sabha has the ownership of minor forest produce.
      3. Recommendation of Gram Sabha is required for granting prospecting licence or mining lease
          for any mineral in the Scheduled Areas.

      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 only
      b) 1 and 2 only
      c) 2 and 3 only
      d) 1, 2 and 3

52.  In the Parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is
      a)
to allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
      b) to let opposition members collect information from the ministers
      c) to allow a reduction of specific amount in demand for grant
      d) to postpone the proceedings to check the inappropriate or violent behaviour on the part
         of some members

             The primary object of an adjournment motion is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent
              public importance having serious consequences and in regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper
              notice will be too late.

53.  How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
       1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.
       2. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modifi-cation of 
           crop plants.
       3. Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources cannot
           be made without the approval of NBA.

       Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
       a) 1 -only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3                                      

54.  The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following
       provisions of the Constitution of India?
       1. Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article 21
       2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for
           the welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275(1)
       3. Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243(A)

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

55.  If National Water Mission is properly and completely implemented, how will it impact the country?
       1. Part of the water needs of urban areas will be met through recycling of wastewater.
       2. The water requirements of coastal cities with inadequate alternative sources of water
           will be met by adopting appropriate technologies that allow for the use of ocean water.
       3. All the rivers of Himalayan origin will be linked to the rivers of peninsular India,
       4. The expenses incurred by farmers for digging bore-wells and for installing motors and
           pump-sets to draw groundwater will be completely reimbursed by the Government.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 1 and 2 only
       c) 3 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

56.  Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in
       the Constitution of India :
       1. Securing for citizens of India a uniform civil code
       2. Organizing village Panchayats
       3. Promoting cottage industries in rural areas
       4. Securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities 

       Which of the above are the Gandhian Principles that are reflected in the Directive Principles
       of State Policy?
       a) 1, 2 and 4 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1, 3 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

57.  Consider the following statements:
       1. Union Territories are not represented in the Rajya Sabha.
       2. It is within the purview of the Chief Election Commissioner to adjudicate the election disputes.
       3. According to the Constitution of India, the Parliament consists of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya
           Sabha only.

       Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3
       c) 1 and 3
       d) None
             1.  Delhi Assembly elects three members of Rajya Sabha and Pondichery sends one member. 
                  Other Union Territories are not represented in the Rajya Sabha.
            
            2.  Disputes relating to elections of the State Legislature and Union Legislature are adjudicated  upon
                 exclusively by the High Courts before whom election petitions under Section 80 and 80-A of the 
                 Representation of Peoples Act, 1951, are filed.

            3.  Parliament of India consists of  Lok Sabha,  Rajay Sabha  and  President.

58.  With reference to consumers’ rights/ privileges under the provisions of law in India, which of the
       following statements is/are correct?
       1. Consumers are empowered to take samples for food testing.
       2. When a consumer files a complaint in any consumer forum, no fee is required to be paid.
       3. In case of death of a consumer, his/her legal heir can file a complaint in the consumer forum
           on his/her behalf.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
       (a) 1 only
       (b) 2 and 3 only
       (c) 1 and 3 only
       (d) 1, 2 and 3

            When a consumer files a complaint in any consumer forum, he has to pay Rs. 100 as fee.

59.  Regarding the office of the Lok Sabha Speaker, consider the following statements:
       1. He/She holds the office during the pleasure of the President.
       2. He/She need not be a member of the House at the time of his/her election but has to
           become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election.
       3. If he/she intends to resign, the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the
           Deputy Speaker.

       Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 3 only
       c) 1, 2 and 3
       d) None

         The Constitution only requires that Speaker should be a member of the House. The speaker is elected
            in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the general elections for a term of 5 years from amongst
            the members of the Lok Sabha. The incumbent Speaker Smt. Meira Kumar was elected unopposed as 
            the first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha on 3 June 2009.

60. Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
      1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more States
      2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of Legislature of a State
      3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union Territory
      4. A dispute between two or more States

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
      a) 1 and 2
      b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 4
      d) 3 and 4

61.  Consider the following kinds of organisms :
       1. Bacteria
       2. Fungi
       3. Flowering plants

       Some species of which of the above kinds of organisms are employed as biopesticides?
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

62.  Biomass gasification is considered to be one of the sustainable solutions to the power crisis in
       India. In this context, which of the following statements is/are correct?
       1. Coconut shells, groundnut shells and rice husk can be used in biomass gasification.
       2. The combustible gases generated from biomass gasification consist of hydrogen and
           carbon dioxide only.
       3. The combustible gases generated from biomass gasification can be used for direct heat
           generation but not in internal combustion engines.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3
              

63.  What is the role of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the water purification systems?
       1. It inactivates /kills the harmful microorganisms in water.
       2. It removes all the undesirable odours from the water.
       3. It quickens the sedimentation of solid particles, removes turbidity and improves the clarity
          of water.

       Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

             UV radiation does not add anything to the water stream such as undesirable color, odor, chemicals, taste
             or flavor, nor does it generate harmful by-products. It only imparts energy to the water stream in the form 
             of UV radiation to accomplish the process of disinfection, ozone destruction, chlorine/chloramine destruction
             and TOC reduction. It is fast, effective and environmentally friendly. 

             UV radiation quickly dissipates into water to be absorbed or reflected off material within the water. It penetrates
             the outer cell wall of the microorganism, passes through the cell body, reaches the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
             and alters the genetic material. The microorganisms thereby are destroyed in a nonchemical manner. As a result, 
             no residual is produced.

64.  Graphene is frequently in news recently. What is its importance?
       1. It is a two-dimensional material and has good electrical conductivity.
       2. It is one of the thinnest but strongest materials tested so far.
       3. It is entirely made of silicon and has high optical transparency.
       4. It can be used as ‘conducting electrodes’ required for touch screens, LCDs and organic LEDs.

       Which of the statements given above are correct?
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 3 and 4 only
       c) 1, 2 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

           Graphene is an allotrope of carbon. It is a member of the class of 2-dimensional materials discovered by 
           Professor Andre Geim’s research group at the University of Manchester.It consists of a hexagonal array
           of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, just like those found in bulk graphite. It is as effective as conventional anti-
           corrosion coatings, but five times thinner. It will help in devicing a new generation of smart phones, tablets,
           and other electronic devices because graphene-based transistors can run at higher frequencies and more 
           efficiently that the silicon transistors we use now.

65.  Lead, ingested or inhaled, is a health hazard. After the addition of lead to petrol has been  banned,
       what still are the sources of lead poisoning?
      1. Smelting units
      2. Pens and pencils
      3. Paints
      4. Hair oils and cosmetics

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
      a) 1, 2 and 3 only
      b) 1 and 3 only
      c) 2 and 4 only 
      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

66.  With reference to ‘stem cells’, frequently in the news, which of the following statements
       is/are correct?
       1. Stem cells can be derived from mammals only.
       2. Stem cells can be used for screening new drugs.
       3. Stem cells can be used for medical therapies.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

           Totipotent cells serve the same role in plants that stem cells do in animals.Totipotent stem cells
           allow plants to build new organs throughout their whole life.

67.  Consider the following statements :
      Chlorofluorocarbons, known as ozone-depleting substances, are used
      1. in the production of plastic foams
      2. in the production of tubeless tyres
      3. in cleaning certain electronic components
      4. as pressurizing agents in aerosol cans

      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      a) 1, 2 and 3 only
      b) 4 only
      c) 1, 3 and 4 only 
      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

68.  A team of scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory including those from India created the
       heaviest anti-matter (anti-helium nucleus). What is/are the implication/ implications of the  
       creation of anti-matter?
       1. It will make mineral prospecting and oil exploration easier and cheaper.
       2. It will help probe the possibility of the existence of stars and galaxies made of anti-matter.
       3. It will help understand the evolution of the universe.

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

69.  Which of the following is /are cited by the scientists as evidence/ evidences for the  continued
       expansion of universe?
       1. Detection of microwaves in space
       2. Observation of redshift phenomenon in space
       3. Movement of asteroids in space
       4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2
       b) 2 only
       c) 1, 3 and 4
       d) None of the above can be cited as evidence

70.  Electrically charged particles from space travelling at speeds of several hundred km/sec can
       a)
The Earth’s magnetic field diverts them towards its poles
       b) Ozone layer around the Earth reflects them back to outer space
       c) Moisture in the upper layers of atmosphere prevents them from reaching the surface of the  Earth
       d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct
      Note : Click to See : PART -1  |    PART -2    |   PART – 3
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About Naren
Full name - Narender Jangra      Location - India    Qualification - MCA

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