UPSC Civil Services Pre Exam 2012 – General Studies Paper [Part-3]

  UPSC Civil Services Recruitment Exam 2012
Preliminary Exam for IAS/IFS/IPS and Other Group A&B Posts   Solved Paper of General Studies [Part-3] held on 20th May 2012
(correct answers are highighted in deep saffron color)
71. With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below
     are correct?
     1. Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by 1st century AD.
     2. Transplant of internal organs in the human body had begun by the beginning of 3rd century AD.
     3. The concept of sine of an angle was known in 5th century AD.
     4. The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in 7th century AD.

     Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
     a) 1 and 2 only
     b) 3 and 4 only
     c) 1, 3 and 4 only
     d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
        

- The Romans invented numerous surgical instruments, including the first instruments unique to women,
               as well as the surgical uses of forceps, scalpel, cautery, cross-bladed scissors, surgical needle, sound,
               and specula.Romans were also pioneers in cataract surgery. By the 1st century AD cranks were used
               on Roman medical devices.
         - Cosmos and Damien, in the 3rd century AD, are reported to have actually transplanted a human organ.
         - The earliest table of the sine function (although still not with its modern definition) is found in the
               Surya Siddhanta, a Hindu astronomical handbook from the 4th or 5th century AD.
         - The great 7th Century Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta from Rajasthan developed
              a formula for calculating the area of a cyclic quadrilateral during 7th century AD.

72. With reference to the history. of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both
      Buddhism and Jainism?
      1. Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment
      2. Indifference to the authority of the Vedas
      3. Denial of efficacy of rituals

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
      a) 1 only
      b) 2 and 3 only
      c) 1 and 3 only
      d) 1, 2 and 3

73. Which of the following can be said to be essentially the parts of Inclusive Governance?
      1. Permitting the Non-Banking Financial Companies to do banking
      2. Establishing effective District Planning Committees in all the districts
      3. Increasing the government spending on public health
      4. Strengthening the Mid-day Meal Scheme

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
      a)1 and 2 only
      b) 3 and 4 only
      c) 2, 3 and 4 only
      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

74. The Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara are the
      a) three main racial groups of the Indian subcontinent
      b) three main linguistic divisions into which the languages of India can be classified
      c) three main styles of Indian temple architecture
      d) three main musical Gharanas prevalent in India
75. The Congress ministries resigned in the seven provinces in 1939, because
      a) the Congress could not form ministries in the other four provinces
      b) emergence of a left wing’ in the Congress made the working of the ministries impossible
      c) there were widespread communal disturbances in their provinces
      d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct

              The Congress ministries in the seven provinces resigned on 1st November 1939 to manifest their protest
              as India was declared to be at Imperialist War without any consultations from the nationalists.

76.  With reference to National Rural Health Mission, which of the following are the jobs of ‘ASHA’,
      a trained community health worker?
      1. Accompanying women to the health facility for antenatal care checkup
      2. Using pregnancy test kits for early detection of pregnancy 
      3. Providing information on nutrition and immunization
      4. Conducting the delivery of baby

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
      a) 1, 2 and 3 Only
      b) 2 and 4 Only
      c) 1 and 3 Only
      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

77. Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?
      1. Introduction of dyarchy in the executive government of the provinces
      2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims
      3. Devolution of legislative authority by the centre to the provinces

      Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
      a) 1 only
      b) 2 and 3 only
      c) 1 and 3 only
      d) 1, 2 and 3

           Separate communal electorates for Muslims were introduced by Indian Councils Act, 1909.

78.  During Indian freedom struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the
      reason for its formation?
      a) Different social reform groups or organizations of Bengal region united to form a single body
          to discuss the issues of larger interest and to prepare appropriate petitions/representations
          to the government.
      b) Indian National Congress did not want to include social reforms in its deliberations
          and decided to form a separate body for such a purpose

      c) Behramji Malabari and M. G. Ranade decided to bring together all the social reform
          groups of the country under one organization
      d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context
             
79.  Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?
       1. The Peasants and Workers Party of India
       2. All India Scheduled Castes Federation
       3. The Independent Labour Party

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

           The Peasants and Workers Party of India was set up by Dajiba Desai in 1949.

80.  Which of the following special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha by the 
      Constitution of India?
      a) To change the existing territory of a State and to change the name of a State
      b) To pass a resolution empowering the Parliament to make laws in the State List and
          to create one or ore All India Services
      c) To amend the election procedure of the President and to determine the pension of the
          President after his/her retirement
      d) To determine the functions of the Election Commission and to determine the number of
          Election Commissioners

             Article 249 of Indian Constitution allows the Rajya Sabha to empowering the Parliament to make laws to make
             laws in the State List and Article 312 to create one or more All India Services.

81.  How does the National Rural Livelihood Mission seek to improve livelihood options of rural poor?
       1. By setting up a large number of new manufacturing industries and agribusiness centres
           in rural areas
       2. By strengthening ‘self-help groups’ and providing skill development
       3. By supplying seeds, fertilizers, diesel pump-sets and micro-irrigation equipment free of
           cost to farmers

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3
 

               The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) aims at reducing poverty by enabling poor households to 
               access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities.

82.  The Multi-dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development
       Initiative with UNDP support covers which of the following?
       1. Deprivation of education, health, assets and services at household level
       2. Purchasing power parity at national level
       3. Extent of budget deficit and GDP growth rate at national level

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

            The 2010 Human Development Report (HDR) introduced the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), 
            which reflects deprivations in very basic services and core human functioning of people. It has 
            three dimensions – Health, Educations Standardd of living.

83.  Which of the following is /are among the noticeable features of the recommendations of the
       Thirteenth Finance Commission?
       1. A design for the Goods and Services Tax, and a compensation package linked to 
          adherence to the proposed design
       2. A design for the creation of lakhs of jobs in the next ten years in consonance with
           India’s demographic dividend
       3. Devolution of a specified share of central taxes to local bodies as grants

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

84.  What is/are the recent policy initiative(s) of Government of India to promote the growth of
       manufacturing sector?
       1. Setting up of National Investment and Manufacturing Zones
       2. Providing the benefit of ‘single window clearance’
       3. Establishing the Technology Acquisition and Development Fund

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

85.  Which of the following are the methods of Parliamentary control over public finance in India?
       1. Placing Annual Financial Statement before the Parliament
       2. Withdrawal of moneys from Consolidated Fund of India only after passing the Appropriation
           Bill
       3. Provisions of supplementary grants and vote-on-account
       4. A periodic or at least a mid-year review of programme of the Government against
          macroeconomic forecasts and expenditure by a Parliamentary Budget Office
       5. Introducing Finance Bill in the Parliament

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
       b) 1, 2 and 4 only
       c) 3, 4 and 5 only
       d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

86.  Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because
       a) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations
       b) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion
       c) Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award
       d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

               While Gandhi was in Yeravda jail the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald announced the
               provisional scheme of minority representation, known as the Communal Award. The depressed classes
               (now known as Scheduled Castes) were recognised as a minority community and given separate electorates.
               Gandhi was shocked. It was an attempt to divide and destroy the Hindu Society and the Nation and in turn to
               perpetuate India’s slavery. It was not good for the depressed also. Gandhi announced his decision to fast 
               unto death from the 20th September 1932.

87.  With reference to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statements :
       1. The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government.
       2. The Government gave Pattas to the Ryots.
       3. The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed.

       Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only
       b) 1 and 2 only
       c) 1, 2 and 3
       d) None

88.  Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic
       development :
       1. Low birthrate with low death rate
       2. High birthrate with high death rate
       3. High birthrate with low death rate

       Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below :
       a) 1, 2, 3
       b) 2, 1, 3
       c) 2, 3, 1
       d) 3, 2, 1   

89.  In India, in the overall Index of Industrial Production, the Indices of Eight Core Industries have a
       combined weight of 37-90%. Which of the following are among those Eight Core Industries?
       1. Cement
       2. Fertilizers
       3. Natural gas
       4. Refinery products
       5. Textiles

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 5 only
       b) 2, 3 and 4 only
       c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
         
The eight core industries are:
               1. Cement                2. Steel                    3. Fertilizers                4.Electricity
               5. Coal                     6. Natural Gas         7. Crude Oil                 8.  Petroleum refinery products

90.  Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education?
       1. Directive Principles of State Policy
       2. Rural and Urban Local Bodies
       3. Fifth Schedule
       4. Sixth Schedule
       5. Seventh Schedule

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 3, 4 and 5 only
       c) 1, 2 and 5 only
       d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

           The 5th Schedule pertaining to the administration and control of Schedule Areas and Scheduled Tribes and
            the 6th Schedule pertaining to administration of tribal areas are not applicable to the state of J&K.

91.  Government of India encourages the cultivation of ‘sea buckthorn’. What is the importance
       of this plant?
       1. It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification.
       2. It is a rich source of biodiesel.
       3. It has nutritional value and is well-adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes.
       4. Its timber is of great commercial value.

       Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
       a) 1 only
       b) 2, 3 and 4 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

          Sea buckthorn is used for land reclamation and to prevent soil erosion because of its extensive root system
          and its ability to fix nitrogen and other nutrients.
      
          Sea Buckthorn oil – herbal medicine and natural skin care used to restore and nourish the skin to promote the 
          healing of skin and mucous lesions.It’s oil is highly regarded as a powerful tonic, often referred to as “God Sent
          Medicine” or “Liquid Gold” in the Tibetan, Chinese, and Mongolian cultures. The berries that grow in this area 
          provide a higher concentration of Omega 7 than any other region due to sea buckthorn’s natural adaption to
          the area’s high altitude, strong ultraviolet radiation, the severe cold and heat, and sandy, barren soil.

92.  Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?
       a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops
       b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field
       c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together
       d) None of the above            
93.  A particular State in India has the following characteristics :
       1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.
       2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
       3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this State.

       Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
       a) Arunachal Pradesh
       b) Assam 
       c) Himachal Pradesh
       d) Uttarakhand

94.  Consider the following crops of India :
       1. Cowpea
       2. Green gram
       3. Pigeon pea

       Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

           Green manure crops grown with the objective of clothing the surface with a vegetative cover,
           especially in hill slopes during the rainy season to avoid soil erosion and run off. Pulses (Legume)
           are grown for taking cutting of green fodder for cattle in early stages and later as Green Mannure.

          All these crops (Cowpea, Green gram and Pegion Pea) are leguminous crop (pulses crops).
          All these crops have  the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiotic nitrogen fixation.

          Green Gram  ( Mung Bean) is also used as green manure crop. Being a short duration crop it also 
          provides an excellent green fodder to the animals.

95. Consider the following factors:
      1. Rotation of the Earth 
      2. Air pressure and wind
      3. Density of ocean water
      4. Revolution of the Earth

      Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?
      a) 1 and 2 only
      b) 1, 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 4
      d) 2, 3 and 4

          The horizontal and vertical circulation of ocean waters are called currents. Deep ocean currents are 
             driven by density and temperature gradients.

             An ocean gyre is a circular ocean current formed by the Earth’s wind patterns and the forces created
             by the rotation of the planet. The rotation of the Earth affects the ocean currents through the Coriolis force.
             The force of the Earth’s wind patterns creates ocean surface currents. Revolution of the Earth does not 
             influence the ocean currents.

96.  With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements :
       1. The country’s total geographical area under the category of wetlands is recorded more
           in  Gujarat as compared to other States.
       2. In India, the total geographical area of coastal wetlands larger than that of wetlands.

      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 only
       c) Both 1 and 2
       d) Neither 1 nor 2

           Inland wetlands constitute almost 70% of total wetlands in India.

97.  Consider the following crops of India :
       1. Groundnut
       2. Sesamum
       3. Pearl millet

       Which of the above is/are predomi-nantly rainfed crop/crops?
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3
       
               –  Groundnut crop is mostly cultivated during kharif under rainfed conditions.
               –  Sesamum is mainly a rainfed crop and is grown on marginal, dry and slopy lands.
               –  Pearl millet is predominantly a rainfed kharif crop. It is grown over 10 m ha mainly as
                  a rainfed crop in north and northwestern parts of country.

98.  When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following :
       1. Deep gorges
       2. U-turn river courses
       3. Parallel mountain ranges
       4. Steep gradients causing land-sliding

       Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?
       a) 1 and 2 only
       b) 1, 2 and 4 only
       c) 3 and 4 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

99.  Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface,
       because
       1. the atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth’s surface
       2. there is more moisture in the upper atmosphere
       3. the air is less dense in the upper atmosphere

       Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
       a) 1 only
       b) 2 and 3 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2 and 3

100. The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a cause of concern?
       1. The growth and survival of calcareous phytoplankton will be adversely affected.
       2. The growth and survival of coral reefs will be adversely affected.
       3. The survival of some animals that have phytoplanktonic larvae will be adversely affected.
       4. The cloud seeding and formation of clouds will be adversely affected.

       Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
       a) 1, 2 and 3 only
       b) 2 only
       c) 1 and 3 only
       d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

       Note : Click to See : PART -1  |    PART -2    |   PART – 3
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